Self-Employed Income Protection Insurance Guide For 2023
Working as self-employed can be immensely rewarding if a business becomes successful and, with no employer or boss to report to, offers complete freedom.
If you are unable to work, however, will you still be able to pay the bills and support yourself and your loved ones?
Self-employed income protection can provide the financial peace of mind that you are doing the job that you love with a safety net. Read on and learn more about this valuable insurance product.
Self Employed Income Protection Insurance: What is It?
If you are a self-employed person and unable to work, income protection provides a replacement salary until you can return to the workplace. An insurer offers this financial protection in return for the receipt of regular monthly premiums throughout the policy.
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Reasons to Consider Income Protection for The Self Employed
Working as self-employed, whether through your own limited company or as a sole trader, means it is doubtful you have any financial fallback like with a sickness policy offered by many businesses to their staff. A well-run business may maintain an employee’s salary for up to 12 months if they cannot work.
As self-employed, with no source of income when off work due to an accident or illness, you would be reliant on the government sickness benefit, which provides cover of around £100 a week for up to 28 weeks. Unfortunately, this is nowhere near enough to live on week by week.
An income insurance plan will cover that shortfall in earnings until you can return to work.
Significant Benefits of Taking Out Income Protection
For self-employed people, income protection provides crucial benefits should you be unable to work with the following key areas of consideration:
- Any payout received from an income protection policy is free of UK tax
- An insurer will provide a replacement salary for up to 70% of pre-claim earnings
- The wage received from a plan will allow you to maintain the same lifestyle until you can return to the workplace
- Income insurance plans are very flexible and can be continually adjusted, so they always align closely with your professional and personal circumstances
- A policy can protect you financially until your retirement date if you are no longer able to return to the workplace
What Affects the Cost of Income Protection?
Self-employed income protection insurance is calculated by underwriters who use algorithmic models to calculate what an insurance premium should be. For an income insurance policy, the following factors will affect the cost of cover:
- The length of the deferral period before a replacement salary is forthcoming.
- The length of the self-employed income protection insurance and if long term cover, the retirement age
- Does the applicant have an adverse medical history? If yes, they may be required to pay more.
- How old is the applicant at the time of making an application for income protection?
- As a percentage of your current salary, what level of cover requirements do you have?
- What is the applicant’s lifestyle? Is smoking, drinking alcohol, and no exercise playing a part? It affects your health and, as a result, the insurance cost.
- Is the job that the applicant undertakes considered a high-risk occupation? Keep in mind that the nature of your profession can affect the insurance pricing a lot.
- What is the likelihood that the applicant will be unable to work due to the type of job?
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The Importance of Using an Independent Broker
There are strong reasons for employing the services of an independent insurance broker as opposed to taking insurance out directly with an insurer:
An independent broker is not associated with a particular insurer and is free to get quotes from multiple sources. It means not only are they providing you with the most competitive price but also have a choice of policies with which to align closely to your specific needs.
A broker has extensive relationships with insurers and will have more substantial powers of negotiation due to the volume of policies they generate, which will result in lower premium quotes than an individual getting a quote directly.
Insurers tend to be generalists, offering a wide range of different insurances. An independent broker is more likely to be an expert in a specific type of insurance, like self-employed income protection insurance, allowing it to understand the specific insurance deeply and help you make the right decision on insurance aligned to your needs.
Insurance Hero is an Independent broker that specialises in income protection, critical illness, and life insurance. Contact one of the expert team today on 0203 129 88 66 for a competitive, no-obligation quote.
Standard and Optional Features of An Income Protection Policy
An income insurance policy offers varying standard and optional features. Not all insurers offer all of the optional elements of a plan, and so by highlighting them to you, if you think they apply to your circumstances, you can ask your broker or insurer whether they can be an inclusion.
In insurance jargon, cease age simply means how old you will be when your self employed income protection policy ends. It is often set up to coincide with your retirement from the workplace. The later you retire, the more expensive the cost of cover.
Level of cover
The self-employed are either working as sole traders or running their business as a limited company of which they are a director.
Standard plans apply to sole traders, which vary between 60% and 70% of gross pre-claim salary, depending on the insurance coverage. For those operating through a limited company, up to 80% coverage is achievable as part of director income protection insurance, which we will explain in the next section.
Length of claims
The length of claims is the length of time that a replacement salary will provision from when you make a claim under your plan and when you can return to the workplace. Short term cover offers the option of between one and five years of salary protection.
The longer the payout period, the more expensive the premium. Long term cover is the most expensive option as a replacement salary provides cover until you can return to work, or if unable to return to your job, until your retirement date.
The time between when your claim takes place and when you receive your replacement salary is known as the deferral period. The duration can be selected at the start of the insurance and relates to your professional and personal circumstances.
For self-employed people, if they cannot work, it is unlikely that a salary will be forthcoming from the business, so the deferred period could be triggered from the month after you cannot work, so there is no gap in salary.
Childcare benefit pays out a fixed amount per child if you are unable to work. The top-up designs to meet the cost of additional childcare needs, such as a childminder.
As self-employed, there may be times when you are not working. Income protection for self-employed people only pays out when you are working, and it makes sense to pause paying into a plan during periods of unemployment or inactivity.
Standard income protection does not cover the loss of a job through involuntary dismissal. In some cases, insurers will permit the addition of this clause into a plan. This option will make an insurance plan more expensive.
An additional feature is a death benefit. Should you die when in receipt of income protection benefit, your dependents will receive a lump payout.
Indexation and premium options
A reputable insurance provider will provide for several flexible cover options to tailor a policy to your circumstances. Indexation is the adjustment of the cost of cover over the life of an insurance policy:
Level cover means the replacement salary will stay the same whenever you claim throughout a fixed term policy, meaning premiums will also remain the same.
Decreasing life cover sees a steady reduction in any replacement salary over the fixed term insurance, and depending on when you claim, the income benefit will be less.
Increasing life cover is the rise in the cost of coverage and the subsequent rise in salary to keep up with the pace of inflation in the UK as measured by either the retail price index or CPI.
Reviewable premiums mean an insurer can adjust the premium level on your policy at any time and without warning. It is a cheaper cost option at the start of a plan.
Age-banded premiums result in a rise in premiums as a policyholder reaches certain age milestones, such as a 45 to 54 years old age bracket. It is a cheap initial option, but the premium rises significantly over the plan duration.
Guaranteed premiums mean the cost of income protection cover stays the same for the duration of the plan, with the insurer unable to change it. It is a good option if the policyholder is young at the insurance start.
What Areas Cover Under Income Protection?
The benefit of income protection for the self-employed is the provision of a replacement salary if you cannot work for a time.
A wide range of accidents, illnesses and injuries have cover under a policy, but areas also exist that may not be a consideration for coverage:
- When the abuse of drugs or alcohol results in you being unable to work
- Participation in high-risk personal activities such as extreme sports
- Being unable to work due to an incident overseas which is not covered
- If you are expecting a child or childbirth
Pre-existing adverse medical history
It is essential that if you have any pre-existing medical conditions that have developed within the last five years that these are declared when a plan starts. An insurer will deal with any medical concerns in the following ways:
- The medical condition is covered, but it will result in a higher premium
- The medical condition can get cover under the standard terms of the policy
- The medical issue is considered too severe and excluded from a policy
Own or any occupation
If you are self-employed, when taking out income insurance, it is vital to grasp how an insurer defines your profession, as this will affect the cost of cover. If you are unable to work, it can classify in three ways:
- Inability to undertake any type of paid work
- Failure to do your actual job
- Inability to undertake your actual job or one that you are qualified to undertake
The most expensive type of cover is not being able to return to work unless you can do your specific role. A proportionate payment is an additional feature where you can return to the workplace in lower paid employment with the insurance topping up your salary.
Director income protection insurance
Self-employed who operate as sole traders can make use of a standard plan. For those working through a limited company, taking out director income protection insurance is a more relevant solution where all dividends and salaries payout to self-employed people through their limited company. The insurance plan sets up in the name of the company, and it is the business that pays the monthly cost of the insurance plan.
If a claim should occur, the replacement salary classes as income. It differs from a personal plan where the replacement salary is received tax-free due to premiums paying out from post-tax income.
Insurance Hero is an expert in life insurance products, including income protection. Contact our friendly sales team on 0203 129 88 66 to find out how we can provide the perfect plan to ensure financial peace of mind.
An income insurance policy is not the same as an Accident, sickness and unemployment plan. An ASU is a low-cost option, and similar alternatives are unemployment protection and self-employed sickness insurance
These cheaper alternatives have similarities to short-term income protection as the length of the claims period is less than five years. The key difference with an ASU is its pared-back medical underwriting component. It provides less certainty compared to income protection cover if you put in a claim.
Are life insurance and income protection the same?
Self-employed life insurance can only payout if you die, with a lump sum payment being made to designated beneficiaries. Income protection pays out a regular salary as opposed to a lump sum and is not dependent on the death of a policyholder for a payment to be forthcoming.
Is it possible to have more than an income insurance policy?
Most insurers will permit more than one policy to be in place. A typical clause, however, will limit the accumulated replacement salary as being no more than 75% of your pre-claim earnings.
Is there a difference between critical illness and income protection?
Both critical illness and income protection provide financial protection which is not dependent on the policyholder dying (like life insurance). They differ as critical illness provides a lump sum payment and assumes that the policyholder may never return to the workplace. Income insurance, with a regular replacement salary, encourages the return of the policyholder to the workforce.